One of the greatest inventions is an air conditioner. Air conditioners keep us comfortable inside confined spaces like our homes and offices. A lot of people expect their air conditioners to work since there have been several improvements in the original designs. Air conditioners were not common a few years ago. They were reserved for the rich, so they were a luxury. However, you can find an air conditioner in most homes and offices these days. Do you want to know the major components of an air conditioner? Do you want to know how an air conditioner works? Then, read on to learn everything about an air conditioner.
The refrigerant is the most important component of an air conditioner. This special chemical is responsible for the actual cooling. It is also responsible to carry the heat from inside your room to the outside. The refrigerant is filled inside the refrigerant inside a closed-loop system. During the refrigeration cycle, the refrigerant is used because it changes from liquid to vapor quickly at the desired temperature. This special chemical is filled inside special tubes.
There are cooling tubes and copper coils inside an air conditioning unit. The inside unit is connected to the outside one by the cooling tubes and copper coils. There is a refrigerant inside these coils that absorb the heat from the indoor air. The refrigerant changes state once it absorbs the heat. It then travels to the outdoor unit. The outside unit is where the heat is exchanged and pushed outside.
The heat changes its state again once it disperses through the outdoor unit. It is then pushed back indoors. The refrigerant gets cold in the indoor unit, and the fan in the indoor unit causes the refrigerant to absorb the heat by blowing hot air over the cold coils. This is how the refrigeration cycle works. The air conditioner manages to maintain a cooler temperature inside your home or office by repeating the cycle innumerable times.
The compressor is an important component inside an air conditioning unit. The compressor pressurizes the refrigerant in the AC. The temperature of the refrigerant is raised by this pressurization. You may know that the temperature increases if you increase pressure, especially if you know a bit about science. In short, the refrigerant heats up when it is compressed. The compressor squeezes the refrigerant gas tightly, which makes this the job of the compressor. The compressor causes the heat to flow from the AC unit to the outdoors by raising the temperature of the refrigerant to a level that is higher than the temperature outdoors. This happens because the heat flowers from higher temperatures to lower temperatures.
You should know the role of condenser coils in the air conditioner if you know anything about air conditioning units. The condenser coils are in the outdoor unit and their role is to receive the high-pressure refrigerant from the compressor. The condenser coils do not work the same way as the evaporator coils. The role of the evaporator coils is to contain the cold refrigerant while the role of the condenser coils is to contain the hot refrigerant.
Like evaporator coils, the role of the condenser coils is heat transfer. They transfer heat to the outdoor air. This is their only difference. The refrigerant releases heat energy through the help of a condenser by blowing air over the coils. The refrigerant gets back into the liquid state and flows into the expansion valve once enough heat is exchanged. The role of the expansion valve is to de-pressurize it. In addition, the de-pressurization cools down the refrigerant.
The refrigerant cools down to a certain level when it disperses heat. However, it can damage the evaporator coils because it is still hot enough to damage them. Therefore, the refrigerant is made safe for the evaporator coils by cooling it down further. The expansion valve is responsible for cooling down the refrigerant. It is based on the same principle that states a decrease in temperature happens due to a decrease in pressure. The job of the expansion valve is to cool down the refrigerant by bringing down the refrigerant. As the name suggests, the role of the expansion valve is to change the refrigerant state from liquid to gas by expanding the refrigerant.
We have mentioned evaporator coils a couple of times above. We shall define what evaporator coils are and why they are important to the functioning of air conditioning systems in this section. The role of the evaporator coils is to absorb heat from warmer air inside the home. The refrigerant, which is in a liquid and de-pressurized state, is pushed into the copper tubes by the expansion valve. When there is warm air inside your home, the indoor unit uses its fan to blow the hot air over cold coils. The exchange of heat energy happens when hot air blows over the cold coils. The refrigerant absorbs the heat and expands where it turns from liquid to gaseous state.
These are the major components inside an air conditioner. Air conditioning units have several other components that help keep these components running. However, the components that are mentioned above are the major components of the air conditioning unit. A fault in one of these components can make your air conditioner not work as it should.
You should know that an air conditioner is nothing but a system of components. The role of the components inside the air conditioner is to absorb heat from the warmer air inside the home and push it out. The refrigerant exchanges the heat from the indoor and pushes it outdoors. How? The refrigerant is cycled through the refrigeration cycle by the components such as the expansion valve, evaporator coils, condenser coils, compressor, and other components. To cool down the temperature inside your home, this process is repeated multiple times.
You should ensure your air conditioner is serviced regularly if you want it to keep running as efficiently as it should. Call and hire trained and experienced professionals to inspect and service your air conditioning system. Experienced technicians will ensure there is nothing wrong with the components because they have the necessary knowledge and tools for checking these components. They will fix your components immediately if they find anything wrong with one of these components. This will help you avoid any emergency problems with your air conditioning system.